What are Christianity, Islam, the Quran, and the Bible?

Question: “What are Christianity, Islam, the Quran, and the Bible? Can one be proved to be the Word of God?”

Bible Answers

Before reviewing the primary difference between Christianity and Islam, let’s look at a number of similarities:



Muslims believe they are worshipping the same God as Christians.  “Our God and your God is one” (Surah 29:46), but the god of the Muslims is not the same God. The following lists some of the differences between the Islamic god and the God of the Bible.

Islam at a Glance

Islam is considered the youngest of world religion, about 1,350 years old, and is the second largest, next to Christianity. Muhammad, an Arabian merchant, founded it. He is considered the greatest prophet to God, who is called Allah.


The followers of Islam are called Muslims.

Islam’s sacred book is the Quran (or Koran), comprised of messages said to have been given to Muhammad from God. It consists of 114 chapters (suras).  Other books that are held in similar reverence by Muslims include the Sunnah (examples of Muhammad), Hadith (personal saying of Muhammad), and Sira (biography of Muhammad).  The Sunnah is a crucial complement to the Quran; so much so, that there are isolated instances where the Sunnah appears to prevail over the Quran, for example, when the Quran refers to three daily prayers (24:58, 11:116, 17:78-79, 20:130, 30:17-18), but the Sunnah sets five.

Islam is divided into two main branches—the Sunnites (90 percent of all Muslims) and the Shiites (who are especially strong in Iran and Iraq).  Islam, like other religions, has become fragmented by theological feuds and disagreements, resulting in a wide variety of denominations, as has Christianity.

While Muslims do not believe that God is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, they do believe that Mary is part of the Godhead.

They also believe that Ishmael (the father of the Arab world), not Isaac (the father of the Jewish world), received the promise from God through Abraham (contrary to what the Bible says); this helps explain why Arab Muslims feel that their claim to the Holy Land is a God-given right.

Muslims readily accept that the Bible was the inspired Word of God and as such was Holy, but after 1046 AD, Muslims were taught that the Bible had been so altered that it no longer can be believed.

Christianity at a Glance

While prophecies about Christ appeared in the Old Testament nearly 4,000 years ago, it was not called Christianity until after Christ’s crucifixion, about 2,000 years ago.  Jesus Christ started Christianity during His three years of earthly ministry.    

Unlike some historic Christians and some present day Muslims, Jesus Christ never forced anyone to follow Him, but drew them by His miracles and love.

The followers of Christianity are called Christians.

Christianity’s sacred book is the Bible. The Bible contains 66 separate books, written by over 40 men, during a period of approximately 1,500 years, and the authors claimed over and over again that they were transmitting the infallible Word of God, authoritative in its completeness. It is amazing that 40 men, over 1,500 years, never made a statement that contradicted the statements of the others or has ever been proven wrong.

This is because the Bible states that the true author of the Bible is God Himself.  All scripture is God breathed… (2 Timothy 3:16). What God wanted written was written exactly as God directed. …the words of the Lord are flawless (Psalm 12:6).

The Difference of Christianity and Islam - at a Glance

The difference between Christianity and Islam is that Islam is a works-oriented religion, while Christianity is a faith-based religion. To go to heaven, Muslims must accumulate more good deeds than bad and then God must still be willing to say, regarding their sins, “It is forgiven.” Christians believe in salvation by grace through acceptance of what Christ did on the cross.  There is no sacrifice that a person can make that will pay for their sins.  Only Jesus is sufficiently Holy to pay for our sins with His sinless blood (Hebrews 9:22).

Muslims say that the Bible was correct in the beginning, but that the Bible has been so changed that it no longer represents God and thus the reason God gave Muhammad the Quran. The fundamental differences between the Quran and the Bible are so severe that only the Quran or the Bible can be correct, they both cannot be correct.  

The pivotal consideration between Christianity and Islam is has the Holy Bible been changed. If the Bible has been significantly changed and is no longer the Word of God, then likely the Quran is now the Word of God, but if the Bible has not been significantly changed, then the Bible is still the original and true Word of God and is to be believed and followed. The Quran freely says that the Bible was the true Word of God (Quran 3:3, 5:46). The Quran also says that Jesus is a great prophet and that all prophets are to be obeyed and followed (“therefore fear Allah and obey me” (43:63, Yusif Ali), “He hath given me revelation and made me a prophet” (19:29-30, Yusif Ali).  

If the Bible has not been significantly changed, then all Muslims, according to the Quran, should believe the Bible and follow Jesus.

A Brief History of the Quran

Muslims believe the Quran was verbally revealed by God to Muhammad through an angel Gabriel, over a period of approximately 23 years, beginning in 609 AD, and concluded in 632 AD, the year of his death.  Muslims believe the Quran to be the only revealed book that has been protected by God from distortion or corruption, down to the very last word. There was no complete manuscript of the Quran during this time period.

In 633, Caliph (a person considered a political and religious successor to the prophet Muhammad) Abu Bakr needed to suppress a rebellion, and sent many huffaz (those who memorized portions of the Quran) to fight in the Battle of Yamama.  Seventy huffaz died, including Salim, as he was one of the very few who had been entrusted by Muhammad to teach the Quran.  Muslim sources tell us that with them, portions of the Quran were lost.

“Many (of the passages) of the Quran that were sent down were known by those who died on the day of Yamama . . . but they were not known (by those who) survived them, nor were they written down, nor had Abu Bakr, Umar or Uthman (by that time) collected the Quran, nor were they found with even one (person) after them,” per  Ibn Abi Dawud, Kitab al-Masahif.  

Caliph Abu Bakr decided that it was time to gather what remained of the scattered pieces of the Quran in order to prevent more parts from being lost.  He appointed Zaid ibn Thabit to complete his codex around 634 AD.  This edition of the Quran remained in Abu Bakr’s possession until his death, when it was passed onto Caliph Umar. When Umar died, the edition was given to Hafsa, a widow of Muhammad.   

During Caliph Uthman’s reign, around 651 AD, disputes arose concerning the correct recitation of the Quran. Uthman ordered that all textual material and different copies of the Quran be gathered so that an official version might be compiled.  Zaid ibn Thabit, Abdullah bin Az-Zubair, Sa’id bin Al-As, and Abdur-Rahman bin Harith worked attentively to construct a revised text of the Quran. When finished, “Uthman sent to every Muslim province one copy of what they had copied, and ordered that all the other Quranic materials, whether written in fragmentary manuscripts or whole copies, be burnt.” ²  According to Hadith (Mohammed’s personal sayings), there were seven privately held versions of his sayings. The Quran of today is descended from this compiled codex.

Verses of the Quran claim that the Quran is the sacred word of God and is never to be changed and that God will not allow it to be changed, but it has been changed.

The existence of variant readings, both minor and some significant variations and early Arabic script mean the relationship between Uthman's codex to both the text of today's Quran and to the revelations of Mohammed’s time is still unclear. ³

Disputes among Mohammed’s scholars

Not all Muslims approved or accepted the new Quran.  In fact, some of Mohammed’s top teachers rejected Zaid’s version of the Quran.

Muhammad once told his followers to “Learn the recitation of the Quran from four: from Abdullah bin Masud—he started with him—Salim, Mu’adh bin Jabal, and Ubai bin Ka’b.” ⁴  Mohammed had appointed Ibn Masud as the first to follow him, held that the Quran should only have 111 chapters, but today’s version has 114 chapters. Some claim that chapters 1, 113, and 114 are not part of the original Quran writings.

Because of this and hundreds of other differences, Ibn Masud called the final edition of the Quran a deception! He said, “The people have been guilty of deceit in the reading of the Quran. I like it better to read according to the recitation of him [i.e. Muhammad] whom I love more than that of Zayd Ibn Thabit.” ⁵ Not surprisingly, Ibn Masud advised Muslims to reject Zaid’s Quran and to keep their own versions of the Quran, and to hide them so that they wouldn’t be confiscated by the government.

Ubayy ibn Ka’b was Mohammed’s most trusted reciter and one of the only Muslims to collect the materials of the Quran during Mohammed’s lifetime.  However, Ibn Ka’b believed that Zaid’s Quran was missing two chapters! This forced later Muslims to reject some of Ibn Ka’b’s recitation:

Due to these quarrels among Mohammed’s handpicked reciters, Muslims are faced with a dilemma. If Muslims say that the Quran we have today has been perfectly preserved, they must say that Muhammad was horrible at choosing scholars, since he selected men who opposed today’s text. Conversely, if Muslims say that their prophet would know whom to pick when it comes to Islam’s holiest book, they must conclude that the Quran we have today is flawed! ⁶

Is the Quran Loving or Violent

The Quran contains both loving, kind, peaceful verses and violent verses to kill anyone who does not believe in the Quran and Mohammad.  How can these differences be rectified?  The Koran itself tells how the contradictions are to be handled. It says, if a contradiction exists, the newer one overrides the earlier one (2:106, 16:101). This approach is called abrogation. The bad news for all non-Muslims is that the intolerant and violent passages abrogate the earlier tolerant and peaceful ones.

A Brief History of the Bible

The Bible contains 66 separate books, written by over 40 men, during a period of approximately 1,500 years, and they claimed over and over again that they were transmitting the infallible Word of God, authoritative in its completeness.  The Old Testament contains 39 books written from approximately 1400 to 400 BC, and the New Testament contains 27 books written from approximately 40 to 90 AD.  The Pentateuch, the first five books of the OT were written by Moses.  Later, God used priests such as Samuel, Jeremiah and Ezekiel, all descendants of Aaron, to write the other books of the Old Testament. The Jewish Bible is the same as the Christian Old Testament, except for the arrangement of the books. The original Old Testament was penned mainly in Hebrew, with some Aramaic, while the original New Testament was penned in common Greek. These 66 books were all written separately with no expectation of ever being combined, and yet, they merge perfectly. It is amazing that 40 men, over 1,500 years, never made a statement that contradicted the statements of the others or has ever been proven wrong.

The Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek by Jewish scholars around 250 BC, in Alexandria, Egypt. This translation became known as the "Septuagint." Septuagint means 70, and refers to the 70 men that composed the translation team.

Jesus often quotes the Old Testament, proclaiming to His disciples, all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me (Luke 22:44). Starting about 40 AD and ending about 90 AD, the eyewitnesses to the life of Jesus, including Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, James, Peter and Jude, penned the Gospels, letters and books that became the Bible's New Testament. These authors also quote from 31 books of the Old Testament.  Because the true author of the Bible is declared to be God Himself. All scripture is God breathed… (2 Timothy 3:16).  What God wanted written was written exactly as God directed. …the words of the Lord are flawless (Psalm 12:6).

Verses of the Bible claim that the Bible is the sacred word of God and is never to be changed and that God will not allow it to be changed.  

Until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen will by any means disappear, from the Law until everything has been accomplished (Matthew 5:18).

Heaven and earth will pass away but my words will never pass away (Matthew 24:35).

Going to Heaven - Salvation, at a glance


Muslims have no guarantee of Salvation or heaven.  They never know for sure if they have lived a life sufficient for heaven (except if they die fighting for Allah) or if they will go to hell.  They believe that all their works will be accounted for on Judgment Day. If their good works outweigh their bad works they may go to heaven if God is willing to forgive their sins by saying, “It is forgiven,” otherwise they will still go to hell (101:6-9).  


Christians also recognize that they have sins, that their sins separate them from God, that God is Holy (sinless) and He will not permit sin to remain in His presence.  For Christians to go to heaven, their sins must be forgiven, but there is nothing they can do on their own to earn forgiven for their sins except for repenting of their sins to Jesus.  

Knowing in the beginning that mankind was lost because of sins, God in His mercy, determined to send Jesus to pay for the sins of mankind by the shedding His sinless blood. Jesus has already paid for our sins but we need to be willing to repent and accept Jesus as our Savior and Lord. Jesus did what man could never do. He cleansed us and forgave us of all our sins, so that we may be sinless and have the assurance of eternity with God in heaven.

Because of Jesus, His cross, and resurrection, one may have the full assurance of salvation, both now and for eternity, These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that you may know that you have eternal life, and that you may believe on the name of the Son of God (1 John 5:13).

And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved (Acts 4:12).

Salvation then is only possible when our sins are cleansed and paid for through the blood of Jesus.  When a person asks Jesus into their heart, He cleanses them and they become children of God.

What do Muslims think about Jesus

Muslims believe Jesus was born of a virgin, was a great prophet, but was still only a man. They believe that God sent Him to help people obey God. Islam claims Jesus healed the sick, and raised the dead. The Quran refers to Jesus as the breath of God, the spirit of God, the life of God and the word of God, but still just a man. Muslims also do not think Jesus died on the cross. They believe that just before he was to be crucified, God took him up to heaven and someone else was hanged on the cross, probably Judas. They believe in Jesus’ Second Coming, final judgment, and that He will confirm that Islam is the true and final religion for all mankind.


Belief in prophets of the Holy Bible is one of the six articles of the Islamic faith, as mentioned in the Quran 2:285. The Quran lists 25 prophets that are to be honored and obeyed from the Bible, starting with Adam, including Abraham, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Joseph, Moses, Ezekiel, Elisha, David, Soloman, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, and Jesus, with Muhammad being added to the list of prophets as the last and greatest prophet.  It is interesting that Muslims are commanded to honor and obey all the prophets and most prophets, before Jesus, foretold of the coming of Jesus, and Jesus said unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me (John 14:6). The Koran says, “We believe in God and in what was sent down to us and what was sent down to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and what was given to Moses, Jesus, and all the prophets by their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we devote ourselves to Him” (Quran, 2:136). But Muslims are not willing to follow their own Quran to believe and honor these prophets by believing what they said about Jesus and obeying Jesus.  


Bible Changed

Modern Muslims claim the Bible has been significantly changed. Since the Quran says Muslims are to honor the Bible, any changes would have had to take place after Mohammed’s death.  When we look at the statistical probability, the fact that there is no creditable evidence of massive changes having ever been made to the Holy Bible, that the Word of God was very sacred to Jewish scribes such that if they made even a single error, the manual had to be burned, and that there are over 24,000 ancient manuscripts to support and compare to today’s Bible, it must be concluded that the Bible has not been changed and that it is the flawless work of God as God claims in His Word.

When the 24,000 manuscript examples of the Bible, some dating back more than 1,000 years before Christ, are compared to today’s Bible, there are no significant changes. Not even one.

The words of the Lord are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.  You shall  keep them, O Lord, you shall preserve them from this generation forever (Psalms 12:6-7).

You shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall you diminish ought from it, that you may keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you (Deuteronomy 4:2).

Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away (Mark 13:31).

Your word is true from the beginning: and every one of your righteous judgments endures forever (Psalm 119:160).

The grass withers, the flower fade: but the word of our God shall stand forever (Isaiah 40:8).

Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away (Matthew 24:35).

For I testify unto every man that hears the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book (Revelation 22:18-19).

Even the Quran claims that the Bible started out as the pure Word of God.  As such, both the Old and New Testaments would have had to be significantly rewritten. A few changes would not have been able to make the significant theological changes that Muslim’s claim.  For example, Muslims claim that Jesus was only another prophet.  But with over 300 prophecies about Jesus having all come true (not even one wrong prophecy), the Islamic claim that the Bible has been changed must be considered impossible, and that Jesus is the Son of God as the Bible declares.

If the Bible has been significantly rewritten as claimed, then we could say that the Bible has lost its divine guidance of God and is only a work of man.  If today’s Bible is only a work of man, then how is it that there is no conflict or disagreement among the 44 authors?  If the Bible is only a work of man, how is it that the Bible has over 2,000 prophecies, most of which have already come true? If the Bible is only a work of man, how can the Old Testament contain 312 prophecies about Jesus, of which 300 have already come true?  If the Bible had been significantly changed to elevate Jesus from only a prophet to the Son of God, then the entire Bible would have had to be rewritten, but there is no evidence of even one theological point having ever been changed as proven by over 24,000 ancient manuscripts .

When did the accusations that the Bible had been changed originated

Charges that the Bible had been changed first occurred in 1046. Four hundred and fourteen years after Mohammed’s death.  Ibn-Hazm found differences and contradictions between the Bible and the Quran.  Believing that the Quran had to be true, he assumed that the Bible had to be false. He said, “Since the Quran must be true it must be the conflicting Gospel texts that are false.  However, Muhammad tells us to respect the Gospel.  Therefore, the present text must have been falsified by the Christians after the time of Muhammad.”

Ibn-Hazm had no evidence or facts to support his assertion, only his personal faith in the Quran. ⁷  He said, “If we prove the falsehood of their books, they lose the arguments they take from them.” ⁸

In numerous citations, the Quran testifies to the authenticity of the Bible and Muhammad fully believed that the Bible was authentic.  The Quran states in Surah 10:94, a command given to Muhammad (and all Muslims) to treat the Bible as the primary source of enlightenment:

“If thou (Muhammad) wert in doubt as to what We have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the Book (Jews & Christians) from before thee: the Truth hath indeed come to thee from thy Lord: so be in no wise of those in doubt " (Quran, Surah Yunus 10:94, and Surah 21:7).  Muhammad is instructed to consult with the Jews and Christians who have been reading their Holy Scripture. This verse clearly instructs all Muslims to refer to the Bible when questions arise regarding the Quran’s meaning! So Surah 10:94 shows not only the credibility of the Bible, but also that the Quran does not supersede the Bible.  If Muhammad had doubt and was commanded to ask, then shouldn’t all Muslims also examine the Bible, but in reality, few Muslims have ever read the Bible.

“And before thee (Muhammad) also the apostles We sent were but men, to whom We granted inspiration: if you realise this not, ask of those who possess the Message (Jews & Christians)” (Quran, Surah 16:43, Yusuf Ali Translation). There are many other passages in the Quran that demonstrate that the authentic Torah and Injil were available during the time of Muhammad: ⁹

“And dispute you not with the People of the Book, except with means better (than mere disputation), unless it be with those of them who inflict wrong (injury): but say, "We believe in the revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; Our Allah and your Allah is one; and it is to Him we bow (in Islam)”” (Quran, Surah Al-Ankabut 29: 46, Yusuf Ali Translation).

"O People of the Book! you have no ground to stand upon unless you stand fast by the Law (Torah), the Gospel, and all the revelation that has come to you from your Lord" (Quran, Surah Al-Ma’idah 5:68, Yusuf Ali Translation)

This last verse is another clear example showing that the Jews and Christians had the authentic Word of God in their possessions during the writing of the Quran.  If the Bible had been altered, there would have been no reason to tell Jews and Christians to observe the commandments of their Scripture.

Many others after them refused to believe that the Tawrat (Arabic for the first five books of the Old Testament), Zabur (Psalms of David), and Injil (Gospels of Jesus) had been changed.  For example, Fakhruddin Razi, on the authority of Ibn Abbas, a nephew of Muhammad, said: "The Jews and early Christians were suspected of altering the text of the Tawrat and Injil; but in the opinion of eminent doctors and theologians it was not practicable thus to corrupt the text, because those Scriptures were generally known and widely circulated, having been handed down from generation to generation."  

When Muslims are asked to show where the Quran says that the Bible has been changed, they often refer to Surah 2:75. However, commenting on this, Imam Baydaoui says, “Can you entertain the hope that they (Jews) will believe in you? - Seeing that a party of them heard the word of Allah and perverted it knowingly … meaning they misinterpreted and explained it as they like…after they understood it.”

According to many scholars, the Quran says believers misrepresented Scripture meaning, not that Scripture were ever changed.

In his commentary, Imam Bukhari explains Surah 4:46 as follows; “displace words from their right places…means misinterpreted.”

You can also read similar comments made by Imam Razi.

“Some people who called themselves ‘Christians’ in Mohammed’s time had stopped reading God’s Word. Instead, they followed traditions created by men.  It is true that they had ‘misinterpreted’ God’s Word.  But the Holy Scriptures themselves had not been changed.  They had been forgotten. Throughout history, however, there have been true Christians who have loved, protected and followed God’s Word.” ¹°  While it is clear that the Bible has not been changed, it is also true that many Christians are not reading their Bible as many Muslims are not reading their Quran.

Why is the issue of changing the Bible important

With the Quran claiming that Jesus was a great prophet and that a prophet should be obeyed and with the Quran claiming that the Bible was originally the pure Word of God, Muslims are in a bad spot.  Either they must insist that the Bible has been changed so that they can reject it, or if they admit that the Bible has not been changed, then in all logical honesty, they must follow the Bible and Jesus as the Quran instructs, and become Christians.

Will the Real Bible step forward

Both the Quran and the Bible claim to be the inspired Word of God.  Only one can be the Word of God, but which one? How do we judge?  We can believe what we have been taught or judge by how poetic it appears, but these are subjective and do not provide valid judgment. Only God has the power to see into the future and to make predictions of future human events.  When the prediction occurs, often hundred of years later, it is a prophecy of God. We can examine all the religious books of the world to see if God has anointed any of them with His fingerprint of prophecy.

First, the real question and the main authentication that the prediction is the prophetic Word of God is if the prediction is fulfilled exactly as predicted.  Do the prophecies of the Quran or the Bible stand up to the test and prove that the Quran or the Bible is the inspired Word of God?  Let us examine the number of fulfilled prophecies in each book.

In Deuteronomy 18:22, God sets a standard for testing the validity of the Quran and the Bible.  If what a prophet proclaims in the name of the Lord does not take place or come true, that is a message the Lord has not spoken. That prophet has spoken presumptuously. Do not be afraid of him.

There is no better standard for validating either the Quran or the Bible as being the Word of God than the prophecies provided by God, the accuracy which is beyond anything conceivable by man.

I am the Lord; that is my name! I will not give my glory to another or my praise to idols. See, the former things have taken place, and new things I declare; before they spring into being I announce them to you (Isa. 42:8-9). God says that He will announce what will occur in the future. This is how God demonstrates His power and glory and demonstrates the truth of His Word. I am God and there is none like me. I make known from ancient times ...what is still to come (Isa. 44:9,10).

Jesus stated that he had the same power to predict future human actions and did so. See, I have told you ahead of time (Mat. 24:25), and I am telling you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe that I am He (John 13:19). Jesus made many other predictions including Peter would disown Him (John 13:38), that he would be put to death, and on the third day be raised to life in Jerusalem (Matt. 16:21, Mark 10:33, 34 and Mark 18:31-33).

For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit (2 Peter 1:21).  God Himself declares that only He is capable to tell the future of human events.

Required conditions for a prediction to be prophetic

Prophecies of God, through His appointed prophets, will foretell of future human actions and events that come true exactly as prophesied.  For a prediction to be classified as a Godly prophesy in both the Quran and the Bible, it must adhere to all four of the following conditions.

For both the Bible and the Quran, a prophecy is not from the Lord if:

Various sources cite different figures for both predictions and completed prophecy, depending on the manner in which one counts the prophecies. For example, one writer may count a single verse as a prophecy, while another may see multiple prophetic elements within the same passage. And others may be more critical in the application of the above rules for testing.  Consequently, the number of claimed prophetic verses will vary slightly for both the Bible and the Quran.

With the above prophetic conditions, we can now review the Bible and the Quran for prophecies that we are assured are from God and thusly demonstrate the credibility of the Bible or the Quran as truly being the Word of God.

Review of predictions in the Quran

"The Prophecies of the Holy Quran," written by Q.I. Hingora, suggests 22 predictions in the Quran. Most Quranic scholars promote these 22 as the primary predictive prophecies in the Quran. They are: Sura (Chapter) 2:23-24; 3:10,106,107,144; 5:70; 8:7; 9:14; 15:9,96; 24:55; 28:85; 30:2-4; 41:42; 48:16-21, 27, 28; 54:44-48; 56:1-56; and 110:1-2. However, none of these meet the four requirements for a prediction to be accepted as a prophesy, because they all either occurred before the prediction, did not include human deeds by people outside of the predictor’s personal control, did not provide specific details including names or location or timing, or they are referring to the end times and as such cannot be verified. Greater detail of each of the 22 predictions and why they are not prophetic can be found at http://worldview3.50webs.com/quranvbible.html. This site also covers 15 additional verses that are sometimes offered by Muslims and details why they do not meet the requirements of a true prophecy. The Quran does not contain any qualified prophecies.

Review of predictions in the Bible

J. Barton Payne’s Encyclopedia of Biblical Prophecy lists 1,239 prophecies in the Old Testament and 578 prophecies in the New Testament, for a total of 1,817 predictions that have been accurately fulfilled and may be represented as prophetic and proven by their accuracy to be from God.  

Of these, 312 were predictions about Jesus and over 300 of these have been fulfilled; predicting His virgin conception, lineage, ministry, death, resurrection, and Second Coming. These prophecies are specific, even naming the town of Jesus’ birth (Micah 5:2).  The 312 prophecies about Jesus were spoken by a number of prophets over more than 1,000 years and still there has not been a single prophetic failure.

It is remarkable that 300 out of 312 prophecies have been fulfilled and the Bible makes it clear that the remaining 12 prophecies will be fulfilled.  This alone provides amazing statistical authenticity to the Bible. Mathematically, I submit this is conclusive proof that Jesus is the only one that could fulfill the prophecies about the Christ and that the Bible must be the true Word of God.  

God’s prophets predicted the destruction of many nations –Ammon, Edom, Moab, Philistia, and many cities, including Babylon, Nineveh, Tyre, and Sidon.  More than 150 years before the birth of Cyrus king of Persia, Isaiah predicted His name, birth, and position and that King Cyrus would release the Jews from captivity (Isaiah 44:28).

Question about prophecy in the Bible and the Quran

God included nearly 2,000 prophecies in the Holy Bible to both inform of future events and to prove that the Holy Bible is from God.  If God had also provided the Quran, wouldn’t He also have included many prophecies to prove that the Quran was from God? But the Quran has no proven prophecies.

Mathematical Odds

How is probability calculated?  Probability is simply the number of desired outcomes divided by the number of possibilities. For example, Micah 5:2 foretold that Jesus would be born in Bethlehem. What is the probability? Given He could only be born in one town, and assuming 1,000 towns and villages existed in Israel, the odds are 1 in 1,000 of being correct.

From Dr. Stoner’s book, Science Speaks, we can check out the probability of one man, Jesus, fulfilling just 8 of the 300 prophecies that are mentioned in the Bible.

Old Testament Prophecy                                               Fulfillment         Probability

Christ to be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2)                     Matt 2:4-6       1 in 1,000

John the Baptist the Forerunner of Christ (Malachi 3:1)    Mark 1:2-8        1 in 1,000

Christ to enter Jerusalem riding on a donkey (Zec 9:9)     Matt 21:4-11    1 in 100

Christ to be betrayed by a friend (Psalm 41:9)                Luke 22:21       1 in 1,000

Christ betrayed for 30 pieces of silver (Zech 11:12)         Matt 26:15       1 in 1,000

30 pieces of silver to buy a potter's field (Zech 11:13)     Matt 27:3-10    1 in 100,000

Christ kept silent when on trial (Isaiah 53:7)                   Mark 14:60-61  1 in 1,000

Christ crucified (Psalm 22:16)                                      John 19:17-18   1 in 10,000

The mathematical probability of all eight prophecies being fulfilled by one person is 1,000 x 1,000 x 100 x 1,000 x 1,000 x 100,000 x 1,000 x 10,000 = 1 in 10 with 26 zeros following, or in scientific notation, 1 in 10²⁶, or 1 in 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000.  10²⁶ in mint cookies would cover the entire United States more than a foot deep.  The probability of 1 in 10²⁶ would be the same as you being blindfolded, walking where ever you wanted in the country, covered with cookies, and finally picking up just one cookie, and it being the one and only cookie marked with a cross.  With 100 prophesies all being fulfilled by one man, the odds increase to 1 in 10¹⁵².   

Now you may ask, what is the probability of Jesus correctly fulfilling all 300 prophecies?  The odds increase to approximately 1 in 10⁶⁰⁰⁰. To put that figure in prospective, it is estimated that the total number of atoms making up the entire earth is only 1.33 x 10⁵⁰.  

If the originally pure Bible had been changed, rewritten by man, then there is no possibility that anyone could foretell 300 prophecies about Christ and have them all be correct. Only God could possible foretell 300 prophecies and have them all occur just as He proclaimed. Of all the books in the world, only the Bible includes God’s prophetic accuracy.

The best predictive accuracy man can make for the next year is only about 50%. Only God knows the future so only God can give 300 prophecies and have 100% accuracy. Clearly only the Bible can be the Word of God. Can you see, mathematically, that the Bible must be the Word of God and Jesus must be the Son of God who came to save us?

As Stoner concludes, “Any man who rejects Christ as the Son of God is rejecting a fact, proved perhaps more absolutely than any other fact in the world (Stoner, op. cit., 112).”


The Bible draws people to heaven through God’s love while the Quran says if a person will not believe to kill them.

The Bible has nearly 2,000 prophecies that have come true, proclaiming the accuracy of the Bible and that the Bible is still the Word of God while the Quran has no qualified prophecies.

There are over 24,000 ancient manuscripts demonstrating that the Bible of today is the same as the ancient Bible while the Quran has only one remaining manuscript.

I would like to end this paper with verses that end the Bible, Revelation 22:16, 18-20,

I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.  For I testify unto every man that hears the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.  

These verses say nothing is to be added to or taken from God’s Word.  Either God is not all knowing, had no idea of the future, and had no idea that He would have to add the Quran only 600 years later to correct His Word that He swore He would protect, and thusly God’s Word is not eternally true, or the Quran must not be of God.

We have many books in the world competing for the loyalty of mankind, but only one book, the Holy Bible has the anointing of God, demonstrating a wisdom and knowledge of future human events that are completely beyond the capacity of man. The 2,000 fulfilled prophecies of the Bible conclusively prove that the Holy Bible was and is God’s only Word, and if a person wants to go to heaven, they need to obey God’s Word and receive salvation through Jesus Christ.

The Word of God is calling those who will listen.

1.  Decision Magazine, dec 2013, Emir Caner

2.  Sahih al-Bukhari 4987.

3.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quran

4.  Sahih al-Bukhari 3808.

5.  Ibn Sa’d, Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir, Vol. 2, p. 444.

6.  4truth.net/fourtruthpbworld.aspx?pageid=8589953021

7.  Le preteze contradizzioni della S. Scrittura secondo Ibn-Hazm',

     Bessarione 39, 77-127, E.      FRITSCH, op. cit., p. 66.

8.  IBN HAZM, Kitab al-fasl fi'l-milah wa'l ahwa'l nikhal, II,6; E. FRITSCH,

      op cit., p.55.

9.  Surahs 3:3, 4:162-163, 9:111, 6:154-157,21:48-50,35:31, 40:69-70,       46:12, 46:29-30

10.  http://www.jesus-islam.org/Pages/HastheBiblebeenchanged.aspx, this        section in part.

Next Section - How does the Book of Mormons and the                       Bible compare?

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